Each procedure in the CanadaGAP manual is a control measure to manage a hazard. If an operation chooses not to follow a procedure, they would be expected to have an alternate procedure in place that mitigates the risk. These are called ‘deviations’ and are covered in the important note in the ‘how to complete your manual’ section of the CanadaGAP manual.
No. The requirement [found in Section 24 (HACCP Plan and Food Safety Program Maintenance and Review)] is that an operation ONLY needs to update the PAGES/SECTIONS that have changed. The outline of main changes can be found in the ‘main changes document’ available here . Details on the exact changes are found in the revisions documents on the CanadaGAP® website. Each year, operations may use the same manual (each section needs to be reviewed and items should be added/deleted/changed as necessary), adding and replacing any pages as needed to keep the version current, make their own updates to pages where something has changed in their operations, and sign the confirmation log at the bottom of each section to show that they are successfully completing the requirements within the program. Operations should make it clear in their manual that they have updated it to the most recent version (e.g., by updating the version number on their title page).
Please read this communique for more detail about updating the CanadaGAP manual(s).
It depends. If the CanadaGAP requirements are stricter, then the manual must be followed. If the federal/provincial/municipal/territorial regulations/ legislation are stricter, then the regulations must be followed.
Prevailing legislation SUPERSEDE the requirements in the manual and must be followed.
Example: Some provinces require that one toilet is provided for every 20 employees while the manual requires one toilet for every 35 employees. Therefore, the operation must follow the regulations in their province for one in 20 if it applies to them. The provincial requirement is stricter than the manual; therefore, the operation must follow the provincial requirement.
However, if the manual requires something that the regulations do not, then the manual must be follow.
Example: In Quebec, according to the regulations, potable water parameters allow for 10 Total Coliforms and 0 E. coli. In order to follow the manual requirements, an operation would have to follow the potable water guidelines of 0 Total Coliforms and 0 E. coli.