Scope of the program2017-11-14T15:57:53-04:00
What is the scope of the CanadaGAP Program?2018-05-29T13:20:34-04:00

The CanadaGAP manuals are designed for use by operations involved in the production, handling and brokerage of fruits and vegetables in Canada. The manuals cover production, packing, repacking, storage, wholesaling and brokerage activities.

1. Fruit and Vegetable manual: covers field/orchard/vineyard-grown crops (i.e., Combined Vegetable, Leafy Vegetable and Cruciferae, Potato, Small Fruit, and Tree and Vine Fruit)

2. Greenhouse manual: covers greenhouse-grown product for fresh market.

For comprehensive information about the scope of the program, refer to the details in each manual. Crop groupings, individual commodities, exceptions, and information about destination markets are specifically identified.

What commodities does the CanadaGAP Program currently cover?2018-05-29T13:29:56-04:00

The commodities covered by the program as of April 1, 2018 are:

Commodities covered for production, packing and storage of product:

Fruit and Vegetables:

  • Small Fruit: Strawberries, Raspberries, Blackberries, Blueberries (High Bush, Wild), Cranberries, Saskatoon Berries, Currants (Red, Black) and Other (Gooseberries, Elderberries, etc.)
  • Potatoes
  • Combined Vegetables: Asparagus, Sweet Corn, Legumes (Beans and Peas), Globe Artichokes, Bulb and Root Vegetables [Garlic, Beets, Carrots, Onions, Radish, Parsnips, Rutabaga, Turnips, Shallots, Jerusalem Artichokes and Other (Horseradish, Sweet Potatoes, etc.)] and Fruiting Vegetables (Peppers, Eggplant, Melons, Pumpkins, Squash, Cucumbers, Tomatoes and Okra)
  • Leafy Vegetable and Cruciferae: Leafy (Lettuce, Spinach, Edible Flowers, Mixed Greens, Baby Salad Greens, Asian Greens, Arugula, Green Onions, Leeks, Swiss Chard and Kale), Head [Broccoli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, Radicchio, Kohlrabi and Lettuce (Iceberg, Romaine, etc.)], Leaf of Root Crops (Belgian Endive, Dandelion Greens, Beet Greens, Turnip Greens and Corn Salad), Fresh Leafy Herbs (Parsley, Cilantro, Fresh Dill, etc.) and Petioles (Celery, Fennel, Rhubarb)
  • Tree and Vine Fruit: Pome Fruits (Apples, Pears, Quince), Stone Fruits: [Peaches, Plums, Apricots, Nectarines, Cherries (Sour and Sweet), and Sea Buckthorn] and Vines (Grapes, Kiwi)

Greenhouse:

  • Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Peppers, Eggplant, Leafy Greens (including microgreens), Fresh Herbs and Edible Flowers, Strawberries

Commodities covered for repacking, wholesaling and brokerage of product:

All fresh fruit and vegetables EXCEPT for:
•  Fresh sprouts
•  Fresh fruits and vegetables in hermetically sealed containers
•  Minimally processed fruits and vegetables

For comprehensive information about the scope of the program, refer to the details in each manual. Crop groupings, individual commodities, exceptions, and information about destination markets are specifically identified.

What if an operation grows a commodity (e.g., oranges, bananas) that is not listed in the scope for production? Can production of that commodity be included in their CanadaGAP certification?2017-11-03T16:26:15-04:00

No. Only those commodities listed for production in the CanadaGAP manuals can be included under the scope for production on a CanadaGAP certificate. This is because for each of the commodities covered within the scope for production within the CanadaGAP Program, the practices used to grow them have been put through a HACCP analysis. This means all hazards (biological, chemical and physical) that may be present in the production of the commodity have been considered and requirements (those within the manuals) have been put in place to reduce the risk at the farm level through good agricultural practices. The commodities that are not listed in the scope for production have not undergone this hazard analysis by CanadaGAP; thus there may be requirements that are missing, unnecessary or unknown based on the commodity.

An operation is growing edamame (fresh young soybeans that are harvested green), can they be CanadaGAP certified?2017-11-03T16:26:15-04:00

Yes. The operation would follow the Fruit and Vegetable manual (and any specific Combined Vegetable requirements). Edamame would fall under beans. For other types of soybean production (i.e., where soybeans are left to fully mature and to dry/cure in the field before being harvested) the CanadaGAP Program does not cover that. Those types of soybeans would be covered under the Canadian Grain Council’s On-Farm Food Safety program www.canadagrainscouncil.ca.

An operation is growing artichokes. Are these included in the scope of the CanadaGAP program?2017-11-03T16:26:15-04:00

Yes, there are two different types of artichokes that are included in the scope of the CanadaGAP program. The first is “Globe artichokes” which are a member of the thistle family. The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom. The scope includes different cultivars of these artichokes, such as Imperial Star and Green Globe Artichokes. The globe artichoke is part of the ‘combined vegetable’ grouping within the CanadaGAP program.

Secondly, the CanadaGAP program also includes “Jerusalem artichokes”, which are not actually a true artichoke. These are sometimes called sunchoke or sunroot, and are a member of the sunflower family. Jerusalem artichoke is a tuber, and therefore should be considered as a bulb and root vegetable.